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307th Bomb Wing 1946-1954—History Index
307th Bomb Group/Wing flight jacket from the Korean conflict.
The 307th Bombardment Group (HV) Association, Inc. includes
the 307th Bombardment Group (Heavy) from WWII as well as the 307th Bomb
Wing (Medium) 1946-1954 that served during the Korean war. The 307th
Bomb Group reactivated as the 307th Bomb Wing in 1946.
Update: Please review the below
links. The 307th Bomb Wing has been reactivated at Barksdale AFB in
Following WWII, the 307th Bomb Group returned to the states in December 1945 and was subsequently deactivated.
With barely time to form cobwebs, the 307th Bombardment Group was
reactivated August 4, 1946. Located at MacDill Field, Florida, the
group was equipped with huge B-29 Superfortresses and the wing was
appropriately designated “Very Heavy.”
Strategic Air Command (SAC) then selected the 307th as its
first antisubmarine unit in December 1946. Precursor to similar SAC
units, the group acted as a “guinea pig” in the development of new
anti-sub tactics and operational procedures.
During its training years, the 307th was continually called
upon to demonstrate bomber effectiveness. At the 1949 inaugural
ceremonies, group bombers led an aerial display honoring incumbent
President Harry S. Truman.
The 307th continued to train as an anti-sub unit until war
erupted in Korea. In 1950, the group was temporarily assigned to Kadena
airfield on Okinawa.
From the Okinawa airfield, group bombers staged attacks against
the rapidly advancing communist forces in South Korea. By mid-1953,
United Nations forces had contained the enemy north of the 38th
parallel and the war was more or less over.
While in Okinawa, the 307th was awarded the Republic of Korea
Presidential Unit Citation for its air strikes against enemy forces in
Korea. It was also awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation and several
Finished with its task in Korea, the 307th returned to the
United States in 1954. Assigned to Lincoln AFB, Nebraska, the group's
B-29s were replaced with swept-winged B-47 Stratojets. The sleek new
bombers were the first jet-propelled aircraft assigned the wing. The
wing was then designated as the 307th Bombardment Wing (Medium).
27 July 1953 Kadena AFB
Boeing B-29's were used by the 307th Bomb Group/Wing from 1946 to the end of the Korean conflict.
filters through the grapevine that a truce shall be signed to end the
"Korean Conflict" within twenty-four hours. The B-29’s of the 307th are
serviced; bombs and ammo loaded, preflighted, and take off for their
last bomb run of the conflict. This shall be the 573rd mission of the
conflict for the 307th. Colonel Austin J. Russel of Monett, Missouri
shall lead the raid. There will be a full eclipse of the moon before
they reach the target. There are thunderstorms over the Yalu River so
there will be no fighter opposition this night. The bombs are dropped
and the wing returns to Kadnea AFB, Okinawa. With this mission the
307th has flown 5,810 sorties and dropped 58,100 tons of high explosive
in Korea during the conflict.
Operational Units during the Korean War
In August 1950, the 307th deployed to Okinawa. Detached from SAC, it
began operations under Far East Air Forces (FEAF) Bomber Command,
provisional. The attached 306th Bomb Group transferred to its parent
wing on September 1, 1950 and until February 10, 1951, the 307th had no
tactical mission. On that date, wing resources were used to train the
6th Air Division at MacDill and the wing deployed without personnel to
Kadena, where it absorbed resources of the 307th Bomb Group and began
flying combat missions. By the end of the hostilities, the wing
(including its tactical group) had flown 5,810 combat sorties in 573
combat missions. The wing remained in the Far East in combat ready
status and on August 15, 1953, Kadena AB, Okinawa became its permanent
307th Bombardment Group, Medium (August 1950 - February 1951)
370th Bombardment Squadron
- 371st Bombardment Squadron
- 372nd Bombardment Squadron
Kadena AB, Okinawa, (August 1950 - June 1952)
307th Bomb Group/Wing Logo
Azure, a four-petalled dogwood bloom slipped
Or. Approved for the 307th Group on December 21, 1942 and for the 307th
Wing on December 23, 1952.
Distinguished Unit Citation for actions July 11-27, 1953.
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for period February 10, 1951-July 27, 1953.
First UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring
Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea,
Summer-Fall 1952; Third Korean winter; Korea, Summer 1953.
Boeing B-29's were used by the 307th Bomb Group/Wing from 1946 to the end of the Korean conflict
Boeing B-29 was designed in 1940 as an eventual replacement for the
B-17 and B-24. The first one built made its maiden flight on September
21, 1942. In December 1943 it was decided not to use the B-29 in the
European Theater, thereby permitting the airplane to be sent to the
Pacific area where its great range made it particularly suited for the
long over-water flight required to attack the Japanese homeland from
bases in China. During the last two months of 1944, B-29s began
operating against Japan from the islands of Saipan, Guam and Tinian.
With the advent of the conflict in Korea in June 1950, the B-29
was once again thrust into battle. For the next several years it was
effectively used for attacking targets in North Korea.
Span: 141 ft. 3 in.
Length: 99 ft. 0 in.
Height: 27 ft. 9 in.
Weight: 133,500 lbs. max.
Eight .50-cal. machine guns in remote controlled turrets plus two
.50-cal. machine guns and one 20mm cannon in tail; 20,000 lbs. of bombs
Engines: Four Wright R-3350s of 2,200 hp. ea.
Maximum speed: 357 mph.
Cruising speed: 220 mph.
Range: 3,700 miles
Service Ceiling: 33,600 ft.
B-29s delivered to the RAF by 307 Bomb Wing crews
Please let us know if anyone has any information about B-29's delivered
to the RAF by 307 Bomb Wing crews. See the email below for more
information. The following information and question was received from
Chris Howlett with the society for former Royal Air Force B-29
I run a small society for former Royal Air Force B-29
personnel. The B-29, called Washington B Mk1 by the RAF, served with
RAF bomber units from 1951 through to 1954 and with an ELINT unit until
1958. The first 4 B-29s delivered to the RAF were delivered by crews
drawn from the 307 BW and I wonder if any of your members were a part
of this delivery process.
If any were I would be most interested in hearing from them and
learning about the delivery flights and also about the subsequent
training given to the early RAF crews - I understand that three of the
four crews remained at Marham for three months to train their RAF
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welcome ceremony for the 307th Bomb Wing B-29's and crews. The 307th
Bomb Wing delivery crews are lined up under the right hand wing. click
on the image to enlarge.